Ein Blick auf die Welt: Deborah Stratman Retrospektive

Hacked Circuit von Deborah Stratman

Hacked Circuit

Zuerst nur ein Blick. Ein Blick auf die Welt in ihrer rohen Essenz. Dieser Blick findet sich nicht zugleich zurecht, irrt irritiert umher, um dann von musikalischen Rhythmen in geordnete Bahnen gelenkt zu werden. Doch diese Ordnung ist nur eine scheinbare, denn just wenn alles geschlichtet scheint, wird die komplexe Mehrstimmigkeit bewusst, mit der die Filme von Deborah Stratman operieren, denen Docalliance bis kommenden Sonntag eine Retrospektive widmet. Ein multidimensionaler Blick auf die Welt also, facettenreiche Arbeiten, die sich mühelos in das Gesamtwerk der Amerikanerin einordnen lassen, obwohl sie alle grundverschieden sind.

Diese natürliche Neugierde, mit der Stratman die Welt auf sich einwirken lässt, dieses Suchen nach immer neuen obskuren Objekten, die es zu bestaunen gilt, erinnert an das Schaffen Werner Herzogs, weniger in Hinsicht auf Formsprache oder inhaltliche Schwerpunkte, sondern als Ausdruck eines Modus, sich durch die Welt zu bewegen und sie aufzuzeichnen. Diese Neugierde, die nie voyeuristisch oder übereifrig wird, kombiniert sie mit einer einzigartigen Musikalität, die sich nicht in erster Linie auf die Rhythmen in ihren Filmen auswirkt, sondern auf die Tonspuren, die sich durch ihre Experimentierfreudigkeit und Mächtigkeit auszeichnen. Doch daraus resultiert keine auditive Dominanz, denn den Bildern bleibt immer genügend Raum sich zu entfalten und eine gewisse Brüchigkeit zu gewährleisten.

O'er the Land von Deborah Stratman

O’er the Land

Stratmans Blick wandert: von der Street Racing Szene in Chicago bis zu einem Tonstudio in Los Angeles. Ihre Interessen scheinen breitgestreut zu sein, und anders als bei Herzog wird nicht so deutlich, für was an ihren Protagonisten sie genau interessiert. Für die Töne und die Musik des Alltags? Für das Potential der Bilder mit Tönen angereichert zu werden? Für Freiheit und Überwachung? So unterschiedlich und unübersichtlich wie ihre Interessensfelder, sind auch Stratmans Herangehensweisen und Arbeitsabläufe. Mal filmt sie mit Handkamera in betont veristischem Stil wie in The BLVD, mal verwendet sie ausgiebig Found Footage, wie in In Order Not to Be Here und Village, silenced, mal filmt sie single shots, wie in Immortal, Suspended und in Hacked Circuit.

Dieser letzte Film scheint mir besonders interessant für eine eingehendere Analyse. Zuerst stieß ich im Rahmen der Viennale auf diesen Film, als er zusammen mit Stratmans überragendem O’er the Land und dem kürzeren Werk Musical Insects gezeigt wurde. Mit seinen knapp fünfzehn Minuten ging der Film damals neben dem übermächtigen Einstünder O’er the Land etwas unter, weshalb ich mich entschied den Film im Rahmen der Retrospektive noch einmal zu sichten. Eine lohnende Entscheidung wie sich herausstellen sollte, denn nachdem ich mich nun eingehender mit dem Werkkorpus der Amerikanerin auseinandergesetzt habe, konnte ich feststellen, dass in Hacked Circuit so einige Fäden ihres künstlerischen Schaffens zusammenlaufen.

Wahrscheinlich am Auffälligsten ist das offensichtliche Spiel des Films mit der Macht des Tons beziehungsweise dessen Manipulation. Die Kamera bewegt sich nämlich in einem ungeschnittenen tracking shot durch ein Tonstudio in Los Angeles, in dem ein Foley Artist gerade dabei ist Töne aus Francis Ford Coppolas The Conversation zu reproduzieren. Die Wahl gerade dieses Films ist kein Zufall, denn The Conversation war durch innovative neue Techniken des legendären Tondesigners und Cutters Walter Murch (dem der Film gewidmet ist) ein technischer Meilenstein des Kinos (der 70er Jahre). Darüber hinaus beschäftigt sich Coppolas Film mit Überwachungsthematik, der Protagonist des Films ist ein Abhörspezialist, ein besonderes Interessensgebiet Stratmans, dem sie sich zum Beispiel auch in In Order Not to Be Here gewidmet hat. Der politische Gehalt bleibt aber zunächst im Hintergrund und vielmehr steht die Neugierde im Vordergrund, die Bewunderung für die technischen Vorgänge im Studio und das formale Gimmick der ungeschnittenen Einstellung. Erst als die Kamera das Studio wieder verlässt und zurück auf die Straße wandert und gleich darauf die Credit-Sequenz ansetzt beginnt sich das bis dato formal-ästhetische Werk in ein politisches Statement umzuwandeln. Nun sind auf der Tonspur Ausschnitte aus einem anderen Film zu hören, in dem Gene Hackman ebenfalls einen Überwachungsspezialisten verkörpert – es handelt sich um Tony Scotts Enemy of the State. Innerhalb eines cinematischen Bezugsrahmens wird augenblicklich deutlich, dass es Stratman zwar schon um die technischen Möglichkeiten des (Film-) Tons geht, aber nicht um apolitischen Ästhetizismus. Die Manipulation des Tons ist nicht bloß künstlerisch spannend, sondern auch hochproblematisch. Schlagartig scheint der Film bewusst machen zu wollen, auf welch schmalem Grat er sich bewegt, zwischen befruchtender Ambivalenz und schnöder Manipulation. Retrospektiv lässt sich diese Gratwanderung auf Stratmans gesamte Karriere ausweiten. Inwiefern macht sie sich selbst schuldig mit ihren Filmen? Wann hat sie den Bogen überspannt und den Rezipienten hinters Licht geführt statt zu erleuchten?

Zum Abschluss eine Widmung, nicht nur an Walter Murch, sondern auch an Edward Snowden. Der tracking shot kulminiert in einem dunklen Kapitel amerikanischer Geschichte und transzendiert ein weiteres Mal seine bisherige Ausrichtung. Von einer allgemeinen Thematisierung von Überwachung und Manipulation hat er sich zum Konkreten hingewendet und in diesem Moment ist Hacked Circuit ein direkter Nachfolger von O’er the Land als Momentaufnahme und Stimmungsbild der US-amerikanischen Seele.

 

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